It seems that the King of Portugal, Dom João III, in 1540, also hoped that the missionaries who participated in the Portuguese voyage would come from Asian bases, such as India, Malacca, and Maluku. Finally, a friend of the founder of the Jesuit Society, Ignatius Loyola, named Fransiskus Xaverius was appointed.
When the Santiago ship in which he was traveling left the mine from the port of Lisbon, Xaverius was almost 35 years old. He was born on 7 April 1506 and left Europe on the same date in 1541.
“He departed as deputy king [according to the Padroada system] and was appointed diplomatic representative of the Pope [Nuncio]. Its power is broad, and its vision is broad. Xaverius walked long distances, and rarely remained in any place for long, but served only as a pioneer sower whose work others would continue, writes Anne Ruck in Asian Church History (2005).
After months of traveling, the Santiago Ship arrived in Mozambique, Africa. Xaverius stayed there from August 1541 to March 1542. Then he sailed again for India. On 6 May he arrived in Goa which was the center of Portuguese activity in India. There, he spread Catholicism. After three years of traveling around India with unsatisfactory results, he headed east. He also headed for Malacca which had been a strategic Portuguese base since 1511.
Story Of Francis Xaverius
In October 1545, his ship arrived in Malacca. “He stayed in Malacca for several months, while learning the Malay language, then visited the Maluku islands, including Ambon, Ternate and Halmahera,” wrote Anne Ruck.
After the New Year, January 1, 1546 he boarded a ship from Malacca to Ambon. According to Leo Soekoto in the Indonesian Catholic Church Mengarungi Zaman (1995), Xaverius was not the first Catholic carrier in Maluku. Around 1538, there was already Catholic evangelism in Ambon.
“Throughout the years 1546-1547, Xaverius worked among the Ambonese, Ternate, and Morotai (Moro) people and laid the foundations for a mission that remained there,” wrote Marle Ricklefs in the book History of Modern Indonesia 1200-2008 (2008 ). The areas that Xaverius visited were areas that were in control or at least the areas of the Portuguese spice trade.
When he arrived at an area, “he first visited small groups of people who had been baptized, but afterward referred to many unbelievers in that area. He wrote a small Catechism in Malay, opened schools for indigenous people, and with his charming personality could influence thousands of people, teach and baptize them, “wrote Huub JWM Boelaars, in the book Indonesianisasi, from the Catholic Church in Indonesia to the Catholic Church. Indonesia (2005).
According to Anne Ruck, as deputy king of Portugal, “he was often invited by the kings, both because they wanted to learn the Catholic faith, and because they wanted to have a relationship with the Portuguese country.” According to Huub J. W. M. Boelaars, the King of Ternate received Xaverius well in his court.
Xaverius did not spread Catholicism by way of debate with ordinary people. After he learned the local language, he explored the local culture which is suitable for instilling Catholic values in everyday life among the local community.
Xaverius realized that “not all elements of non-Christian culture should be despised or simply rejected, on the contrary there are many things that should be appreciated. Christianity must be conveyed in accordance with local education and culture, ”wrote Anne Ruck.
Because her religion teaches compassion, “in every place, her kindness and genuine concern draw people to believe in Christ,” Ann Ruck continues.
Xaverius is considered a success, “this success was mainly due to his affection for the local population. He always defended the local population when bullied by the Portuguese, ”wrote Ruck.
According from www.praktikmetropol.com to Huub J. W. M. Boelaars, “his attitude of risking himself selflessly was a stark contrast to the colonial greed of Portuguese traders and soldiers. Francis Xavier tried in vain to correct their attitude. “
After more than a year in Maluku, Xaverius returned to Malacca. The next target is Japan. In Malacca, Xaverius met a Japanese, named Yajira, who fled from Japan because he killed someone.
To him, Francis Xaverius asked about the state of Japan and the openness of the Japanese population to the Bible. In 1549, Xaverius went to Japan and stayed there until 1552. From Japan, he wanted to go to mainland China, but he could only arrive at the Portuguese base in China, Macao. Then, on December 2, 1552 he died on the island which is famous for its gambling.
The short period of stay in a country and language barriers prevented the congregation from getting maximum service so that other padri tried to continue it.
Even so, his influence continues to be remembered in Asia. Francis Xaverius, along with Ignatius Loyola, are recognized as saints by the Catholic and Anglican Churches. His name is the baptismal name used by many Catholic men in Indonesia.